A pediatric cardiologist specializes in caring for children with conditions and diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Pediatric cardiologists diagnose and treat many heart diseases and problems from the fetal period through adulthood, including cardiac arrhythmias and congenital heart disease. When heart surgery is needed, pediatric cardiologists work closely with specialized pediatric heart surgeons to provide comprehensive care. Pediatric cardiologists are also experts in preventing and treating risk factors for adult heart disease in children.
A pediatric cardiologist typically:
Evaluates a patient’s medical history and educates the child and family about heart health and heart disease prevention
Performs a physical exam including evaluation of blood pressure and vital signs, weight, and the health of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels
Orders and interprets laboratory and imaging tests and prescribes medications
Diagnoses and treats acute and chronic diseases and conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels, including arrhythmias and congenital heart disease
Screens, treats and monitors conditions known to increase the risk of adult heart disease in children, such as hypertension, smoking, obesity, and high cholesterol. For some complex risks, such as having diabetes, a pediatric cardiologist will provide referrals to other specialists such as a pediatric endocrinologist.
Performs procedures, such as EKG, echocardiogram, and cardiac catheterization
Works closely with your child’s primary care doctor and other specialists to provide optimal care
There are 3084 specialists practicing Pediatric Cardiology in the United States with an overall average rating of 4.4 stars. There are 666 hospitals in the United States with affiliated Pediatric Cardiology specialists, including Boston Children's Hospital, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston and NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center.